Successful Treatment Of Mesenchymal Tumor In a Three Year Old Child Through Right Hepatectomy Surgery @Chandan Hospital

Tumor can occur at any age and recently at Chandan Hospital, Dr Alankar (Director, Chandan Institute of Gastro-liver & Billary Sciences) diagnosed baby Ananya of three years with Mesenchymal tumor in the right lobe of the liver. It is a rare tumor occurrence in the liver for a child of her age. Typically, the cells grow, divide and replace one another with new cells forming old cells die in a healthy body. When a person has a tumor, it is when several new cells or an accumulation of cells can develop.

Tumor is an abnormal increase in resulting in excess of cell growth into a mass of tissue, which seems like swelling. The official definition of the tumor by the National Cancer Institute is, “an abnormal mass of tissue that results when cells divide more than they should or do not die when they should.”

Let’s understand the kind of tumors that exist, their diagnosis and approach of treatment differ in patients depending on its kind.

Kinds of Tumor:

Tumors appear on the body in numerous sizes ranging from a small nodule to a huge mass depending on the kind of tumor it is. Tumors can occur on any part of the body. Below are mentioned the three kinds of Tumors are found:

  • Benign: The benign tumors are not cancerous, and they do not spread or grow (even if they do that, they do that very slowly). Doctors can easily remove it, and they usually do not return. They might not be harmful but can affect other parts of the body by causing pain, pressing against a blood vessel or a nerve, and triggering overproduction of hormones. Example of benign tumors are adenomas, fibroids, hemangiomas, and lipomas.
  • Premalignant: The premalignant tumors suggest that tumor cells are not yet cancerous but have the capability to become malignant. Therefore, it is required to monitor its growth. Example of premalignant tumors are actinic keratosis, cervical dysplasia, metaplasia of the lung, and leukoplakia.
  • Malignant: The malignant tumors are cancerous as it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. They can grow at a higher rate spreading to other parts, and this process is known as metastasis. It is a life-threatening condition, and they begin to invade other body parts of the body as well. Example of malignant tumors are carcinoma, sarcoma, germ cell tumor and blastoma.

Still, it is never absolutely known the reaction of a tumor as even the benign one can turn into premalignant and then malignant. It becomes essential to check in case there is any growth.

Tumour Diagnosis:

At times a person might feel or see a tumor and a few people have to get it diagnosed through imaging test like MRI & mammogram etc. These tests can only detect a lump if present. Biopsy of the lump becomes essential to find out what kind of lump it is. For the biopsy, the doctor collects a tiny tissue sample and send it to technicians to further examine it with a microscope. The doctor collects the sample during the surgery or at his office. There is a requirement of surgery in cases where the tumor is found to be malignant, or it is pressing a nerve or causing pain.

The above information provides an overview of a tumor, its kinds and diagnosis process. She came to the hospital with persistent pain in her abdominal region and frequent vomiting. She met with Dr Alankar, and after a brief examination, he suggested her to take a few tests. After the test, he concluded that she had a mesenchymal tumor in the right lobe of the liver. The mesenchymal tumor is a benign presenting with numerous clinical signs & symptoms. Its diagnosis can be achieved by radiology and histopathology. For long term satisfaction and in most cases, it is adequate for curative purposes to opt liver resection.

The diagnosis of baby Ananya of having a tumor in the right lobe of the liver at such a tender age required with pain and other symptoms Dr Alankar suggested her parents for right hepatectomy (pediatric) procedure. She was admitted on 27th September for the operation at Chandan Hospital. The team operating her comprised of Dr Alankar as a surgeon, Dr Khalid (Sr Consultant, Chandan Institute of General Surgery) as an assistant surgeon, Dr Himangi (Consultant, Intensivist & Anaesthetist) as a paediatric anaesthetist, Dr Narendra (Director, Chandan Institute of Paediatric & Neonatology) as a Paediatric Intensivist, and Dr Rohit Agarwal as an interventional radiologist.

Typically, experienced surgeons perform liver resections as it is a high-risk procedure. With the advancement in the field of medicine, the experts assure enhanced care during the surgery, understand the anatomy of the liver entirely, and the technological progress has advanced the patient care aspect. Without prior liver mobilization, the anterior approach of right hepatectomy is a trusted technique. Although, in hepatectomy procedure, blood loss control is essential as exorbitant loss of blood and transfusion of blood in patients are correlated to postoperative risen rates of mortality and endangered to prolonged oncological consequences. The team performed the procedure of right hepatectomy on baby Ananya keeping all the above points into consideration. Her surgery was a success with minimal blood loss. She was discharged after observing her recover swiftly on the fifth day after the surgery on 1st October.

Patient Testimonial:

I was in a lot of pain, and my parents were worried about me. They took me to Chandan hospital Lucknow, and Dr Alankar operated me. After the discharge, my health started recovering, and the pain subsided in the abdominal region. I am thankful to the doctors and team Chandan for taking care of me.

Doctors Assessment:

The patient came in here with an issue of persisting pain in the abdominal region, vomiting and low body weight. She was of merely three years old, and after a few tests, it was clear that she had a mesenchymal tumor in the right lobe of her liver. I advised her parents for her to go through the right hepatectomy procedure. This procedure would relieve her of the constant pain. During her follow up after the surgery, she had gained a little weight and was looking better after the checkup.

Is there a way to treat Seborrheic Keratosis? Visit Chandan Hospital Today

Introduction
Seborrheic keratosis is one of the most common noncancerous skin growths mostly in adults. A seborrheic keratosis usually appears as a brown, black or light tan growth on the face, chest, shoulders or back. The growth has a waxy, scaly, slightly elevated appearance. Seborrheic keratoses don’t become cancerous and aren’t thought to be related to sun exposure, but they can look like skin cancer.

It’s Symptoms A seborrheic keratosis:
• Varies in color, usually from light tan to brown or black
• Is round or oval-shaped
• Has a characteristic “pasted on” look
• Is flat or slightly elevated with a scaly surface
• Ranges in size from very small to more than 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) across
• May itch
Seborrheic keratoses are normally painless and require no treatment. You may decide to have them removed if they become irritated by clothing or for cosmetic reasons. Be careful not to rub, scratch or pick at them. This can lead to bleeding, swelling and, in rare cases, infection.

Management
A male patient came to Chandan Hospital with multiple black sores over the entire face. The patient initially had local discomfort, occasional pain, and irritation over the affected sites. He had also sought medical consultation previously but it failed to cure him. At Chandan, he was followed-up by Dr. Amrita Srivastava and sent for clinical examinations. Clinical Examinations revealed the verrucous growth of benign tumor predominantly over the entire face. After further investigations, Seborrheic Keratosis was confirmed. Based on the clinical findings, a diagnosis of Seborrheic Keratosis was done by using the most-advanced Carbon Dioxide Laser technology. After the diagnosis, the patient was successfully treated with good outcome and was instructed to keep good hygiene to prevent post-operative infections.

Testimonial
I was under-treatment of Dr. Amrita Srivastava, MD (Dermatology) for my treatment. She is a proficient doctor. She makes full use of diagnostic processes to arrive at her diagnosis. Therefore, her diagnosis is excellent. This gave me comfort as a patient that I am getting treated properly. She has been taking care of me so that I completely cured. Dr. Amrita, I am privileged to have you as my Doctor. You were very helpful and polite in all respects, and I am totally satisfied with the treatment I received at Chandan Hospital Lucknow. Thank you Chandan team for all the efforts and co-operation.